What is the big band era?

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What starts small can become big, as did the Big-Band era. In the later 1800's, "Negro" slaves were given European band instruments in order to domesticate them away from mere "savage" drums in their musical expression; Clarinets, Saxophones, Trumpets, Trombones, Western drums and cymbals, etc. Banjos were added as well. The problem - little to no music instruction. The slaves communicated in the fields and in their communities with the voice, so they merely began imitating their vocal stylings when they blew their instruments. This African-American style of vocal imitation and freely improvised musical exression over basic chordal harmony became the "Dixieland Jazz" music of the early 1900's; the first inginous art form of and from America. This has proved to be one the greatest musical/social gifts the entire world has ever known. "Dixieland" became so popular that similar small bands popped up all around the country, especially in the more metropolitan areas. Blues and ragtime, along with a rich local brass band tradition and many other influences, specifically came together in the late teens to early 1920's in New Orleans, Louisiana to create this new type of music, "Dixieland Jazz." Dixieland is also known as "Traditional" jazz or "New Orleans" jazz. As jazz gained in popularity, it spread north from New Orleans to Chicago, New York, Kansas City, and across the Midwest to California. In some contexts, size does matter, and some bands began adding more members to their sections. The musical people who wrote music for these growing ensembles (arrangers) competed for audience attention. Into the late 1930's and then the 1940's, the bands grew into the standard Big-Band (Dance Band) size - 5 Saxophones (with occasional Clarinets), 4 Trumpets, 4 Trombones, and a Rhythm Section (Piano, Bass, Drum Set, and sometimes Guitar). The music performed by Big Bands was called "Swing," a type of music that people could dance to easily. It was performed in a triplet swing rhythm style. This energetic dance music was wildly popular for almost two decades, with the Swing Era extending through the mid-1940s. During this time, thousands of Big Bands played across the United States. This became known as the - "Big Band Era," and continued into the 1950's, 60's, 70's, and is still alive to this day. Jr. High and Senior High schools across America and the world still teach students in the Big Band Jazz ensemble tradition. More ... Much Swing music echoes the "call and response" pattern of early spirituals, where different sections of a choir would sing various parts of a piece, handing off the melody from one to another and varying it with each transition. In a Big Band, the melody would be played by one section (e.g. brass) and then echoed by another, such as the reeds. The whole group would also play as an ensemble, again replicating those parts of a spiritual where the choir sang as a unit. A good example of this style is Benny Goodman's performance of Don't Be That Way, arranged by Fletcher Henderson.
Songs tended to be no more than 3 minutes long because there weren't yet LP's or CD's, only singles. Most followed an "A-A-B-A" pattern: the basic melody was performed once by the band, then again either by the band or by a vocalist; then a variation on the melody, and finally the original melody was played again. Listen to Tommy Dorsey's Marie for an illustration. As Swing matured and diverged from jazz, the bands' arrangers became more important. Jazz of course relies heavily on improvisation, where performers take a simple melody and invent their own variations as they play. Often no two performances of the same song would be the same. With Swing, however, more and more of the parts would be written down and played as written. For one thing, while it's easy for a small combo to sound cohesive even while the musicians improvise, it's a lot harder for 15 or so performers to all do their own thing! It's the arrangers' job to take the melody and decide what instruments would play what parts, and how they would blend together as a group. At the same time most arrangements had "open" sections where an individual player would still be able to improvise a solo. Dorsey's Marie is again a good illustration, with Bunny Berigan's famous improv solo about 2/3 of the way through the recording.
Arrangers also helped each band achieve a distinctive sound by incorporating similar techniques into each performance. That let orchestras in effect "brand" themselves so that even without having a tune announced on the radio, listeners would almost immediately know what band they were hearing.
Later in the Swing Era arrangers effectively dominated the genre, with solos and improvisation playing a lesser role. Several orchestras - Harry James, Tommy Dorsey, Artie Shaw, and Glenn Miller to name four of the most prominent - even added string sections and played expansive, heavily-arranged songs that veered in the direction of pop music, while still retaining some jazz flavor. There are many thousands of excellent web sites that feature Big Band music from the 1930s up to today. See the Related Links below for a very small selection.
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Who were the big bands in 1940s?

Glenn Miller, Harry James, Benny Goodman, Artie Shaw, Charlie Barnet, Jimmy Barnett, Bix Biederbeck, Fats Carlson, Guy Lombardo, Kay Kaiser, Dick Jurgens, Duke Ellington,Count Basie, Blue Barron, Tommy Dorsey, Jimmy Dorsey, Charlie Spivak, Eddy Howard, Tommy Tucker, Chuck Foster, Ray Bauduc, Sammy Kaye, Henry Busse, Billy Butterfield, Russ Carlyle, Jack Teagarden, Claude Thornhill, Orrin Tucker, Woody Herman, Lawrence Welk, Paul Whiteman, Erskine Hawkins, Lionel Hampton, Jerry Gray, Glen Gray, Jan Garber, Russ Morgan, Ralph Flanagan, Sonny Dunhan, Bunny Berigan, Francis Craig, Gene Krupa, Carmen Cavallaro, Frankie Carle, Ray Anthony. There were many more bands in the forties but these are all that come to mind at this time.

Why did big bands die out?

Some big bands cannot keep up with the new trends, therfore losing their touch with the fans. if the fans don't like their music, they don't sell any albums. if they don't sell any albums, they don't make any money. More For a more thorough and historically-based answer please see the Related Question.

Why did big bands of the 1940s die out?

The recording strike of 1942 dealt a blow to the big bands, fromwhich they never recovered. In the late 1940s, bebop replaced bigband as the most popular form of music among American youth.

Was there a big band in the 1940's?

It was the Swing period, the bands were big, the names bigger, and the ballrooms of major cities kept people glued to the radio to hear the latest arrangements from:. Cab Calloway . Artie Shaw . Duke Ellington . Jelly Roll Morton . Tommy Dorsey . Louis Armstrong . King Oliver . Benny Goodman . Glenn Miller . Count Basie . Lionel Hampton

Why did big bands die out in 1940?

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What are the odds of making it big as a band?

Overall, not very good. There are TONS of bands out there, but (relatively speaking) only a few make it big . However, it really depends on your definition of "making it". A new documentary is being filmed that features bands from Phoenix, AZ that have since "made it" on a national level. Many relatively "unknown" bands have fulfilled their desires to go on tour and perform for audiences across the country. Start by performing locally, as there are many venues that prefer to feature local bands. This will also give you an idea as to how popular your music is. Are you hoping to "quit your day job" and make a decent living doing nothing but performances? This will only happen if you are very good AND very lucky. Are you hoping to gather a moderate fan base, sell a few CDs, a couple songs on iTunes, and go on tour? Then your odds are relatively decent, and it's a matter of determination. There are not any hard figures to show what the odds are, exactly, as some bands are obviously a lot more talented (and better financed) than others.

Why was child labor a big problem in Victorian Era?

Children were miserable and did not have a life. They swept chimneys and worked in factories. They didn't get paid and even if they did, children did not get paid very much. Children worked as hard as adults (at least they tried to) and they got nothing!!! The Victorian era was hard for children. Children were miserable and did not have a life. They swept chimneys and worked in factories. They didn't get paid and even if they did, children did not get paid very much. Children worked as hard as adults (at least they tried to) and they got nothing!!! The Victorian era was hard for children.

What is big band swing?

Swing is a style of music derived from "purer" jazz, emphasizing adanceable beat and solo performances withing a broader writtenorchestration. A big band is a jazz orchestra composed of anywhere from 10 to 25musicians, with 14-18 being the usual complement. Big bands tend to play a lot of swing because the two were almostdesigned for each other. Swing music is arranged for an ensemblewho perform the melody while individual musicians take ad-lib solosduring the piece. Of course, the best way to understand what big band swing is, is tolisten to it! Search for some of these artists and recordings: . Benny Goodman: Don't Be That Way; Sing, Sing, Sing; Down SouthCamp Meeting; Blue Skies, Clarinet a la King . Count Basie: One O'Clock Jump; Satin Doll; Doggin' Around . Tommy Dorsey: Marie; Opus One; Well, Git It!; Song ofIndia . Glenn Miller: In the Mood; String of Pearls; Little Brown Jug;Sun Valley Jump . Duke Ellington: Take the "A" Train; Mood Indigo; Harlem AirShaft, Black and Tan Fantasy . Artie Shaw: Nightmare, Begin the Beguine; Octoroon; Softly, asin a Morning Sunrise . Chick Webb: Stompin' at the Savoy; If Dreams Come True

What is the number of musicians in a big band?

It depends, but usually 17-20, at least in my region. There are usually 4 or 5 trumpets, 4 trombones, 5 saxes, 1 guitar, 1 bass guitar, 1 drummer, 1 piano player, and sometimes a singer. Also, there is usually a director, and sometimes the director plays solos. However, there can be as few as about 12 or 13 and as many as 25 or so. In the Big Band heyday, the 6 years before World War II, the "standard" Big Band touring band was 5 brass (3 trumpets, 2 trombones), 4 reeds (2 alto sax, 2 tenor sax), 3 rhythm (1 piano, 1 STRING bass, 1 drums). But nothing was really "standard" and all sections could have additions; probably number one was a fourth rhythm - a guitar. So basic was only 12 band members, and they often "cheated" with less than 5 in the brass section. Then the leaders who could afford it added more musicians in any section they wanted. To live in those travelling bands, you had to be under 22 years old. It was brutal. You had to be very young and love the music to survive the ordeal.

Is Big and Rich a band?

\nBig & Rich is a country music duo. "Big" Kenny (Kenny Alphin) and John "Rich" are the two guys that Big & Rich stands for.\n. \n. \nThey have their own band though, yes.

Big bang Korean band?

Yeah! i have almost all the songs from Big Bang! They're awesome and they are Korean!

Is swing and big band the same?

Swing and big band are related. Although there were some smallgroups that were definitely swing bands, they mirrored the styleand most of the arrangements of the big bands. However big bandsalso played dance music and ballads that weren't really swing tuneseven though they used the same instrumentation.

What killed the big band era?

A number of factors contributed to the end of the Swing Era. First, musical tastes change, and most popular styles eventually fall out of favor. But the Big Bands faced a number of factors that hastened their demise: > During the 1930s many musicians were very underpaid. They didn't participate in royalties from their recordings but were tied to the companies that recorded the bands they played in. That discontent led to two strikes against the recording and publishing companies, but the strikes had the effect of preventing many of the bands from releasing new material or in some cases from performing at all. That effectively cut them off from their main audiences, who moved on to other styles such as vocal groups and solo singers. > When the musicians did finally start making reasonable salaries they found that both fans and ballrooms weren't willing to pay the much-higher ticket prices needed to cover those costs. That cut down on attendance. > Most of the musicians were young men and thus were prime candidates for the draft during WWII. Some bands had to shut down, while others tried to keep going with constantly-changing personnel or younger musicians (often high school students) who were simply not as experienced. The quality of the music suffered as a result. Also, the many fans who would have attended concerts were themselves in the military or working on the home front so they weren't able to go out dancing nearly as much. > WWII severely limited travel, so many bands scaled back their appearances and stuck to broadcasts and recordings. That also discouraged fans who were accustomed to seeing the bands in person. > When the war ended, there was an explosive change in demographics as people who had postponed school, marriage, and careers tried to make up for lost time. Those demands prevented many people from enjoying the relatively carefree life they had had before the war. > Technology changed, bringing FM radio, television, and LP records. That allowed people who were already more homebound to bring their entertainment "indoors", rather than going to a ballroom or theatre every week for live music. > Finally, it's not too much to say that the loss of Glenn Miller in a possible plane crash during his Air Force service was a major blow to the bands' popularity. He had been the single most popular bandleader before the war, at one point accounting for about one-third of all record sales. His death was equivalent to, say, the effect on music if Elvis had died in 1960 or the Beatles had been killed in a 1965 plane crash.

How does Big Band translate into French?

grand bandelette A big Band in music will be called Un Big Band in French Un Big Band is a music formation in any style (exect classical music) with more members than a traditionnal 3, 4 or 5 band.

Who were the Best black bands of swing era?

The black bands in the 1940's didn't get national attention because they were black, so they were mainly known in local areas. It wasn't until Cadillac Records started producing records of black artists that they got into the national radio stations and did concerts. Even then they wanted the people who came to a concert to remain segregated . All the way into the 1960's black entertainers like Sammy Davis Jr. couldn't stay in the Las Vegas venues where they were the star. In thinking about this question I can't think of a black swing band. I know the names of blues singers in that time, but nothing comes to mind in swing.

Who is the best band in the music era?

Its on ones opinion and depends on what kind of music because there are loads. Some bands are more popular than others but doesn't mean they're the best. True, but looking from many different points of view, personally, I think Linkin Park only because they are popular, sing well but then someone who likes a different genre may think differently, so, the best band is whatever band you think yourself, personally.

When did the big band happen?

I'm assuming that the question is when did the big bang happen. There is a lot of debate even now about the exact date that the universe sprang into existence. However, the date that is generally accepted is around 13.7 billion years years ago.

Is Big Time Rush a real band?

yes the band is real but the show is not it's fake and it's a comedy show with lots of music but they have the same first name.

Is the Simpsons theme song big band?

As a whole no, though there are some influences typical big band style thrown in. Go to this youtube link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZiGuByp6PvU Between 1:09 and 1:15 it is 100% Big Band; that's what you're looking for when you want to hear a big band, which typically is comprised of trumpet, trombone, sax, and rhythm section (piano, guitar, bass, drums).

Is Big Time Rush a great band?

They are photogenic, and they sounded good (and looked good) on TV. But I'm not sure we could call them "great," even if their fans love them.

Is Big Time Rush a band?

Yes, they are an actual band. They were also the stars in the Nickelodeon Show "Big Time Rush," which ran from 2009 to 2013. Their show names were James Diamond, Logan Mitchell, Kendall Knight, and Carlos Garcia. Their real names are James Maslow, Logan Henderson, Kendall Schmidt and Carlos Pena Jr. Since their inception, they have released three albums, and performed a number of live concerts.

Are the Korean band Big Band broken up?

First, I think you mean Big Bang , and second no they're not. They're just making their solo albums, except for DaeSung. Right now, Big Bang is back together for their comeback.

Who is The Big Deal Blues Band?

LITTLE ELLIOTT LLOYD and THE BIG DEAL BLUE BAND Under the leadership of Little Elliot Lloyd and The Big Deal Blues Band (BDBB) played clubs in the NY and CT area. Common to the time period there were various personnel changes in the rhythm section all supporting leader/frontman and vocalist Little Elliot Lloyd. In the 1980's the legacy was continued as Little Elliott Lloyd and The Honeymoon Cats (HC) took the stage. Facts: Over the years many talented musicians have played with Little Elliott Lloyd... including Merwin DeGroodt, guitar; Dave Gibson, guitar; Bruce Nikola, bass guitar; Marc Giammarco, drums; Doug Abramson, bass guitar; Sally Smith, Piano; Brad Scribner, drums; Fred Scribner, guitar; Frank Santagada, bass guitar; Professor Louie, piano/organ; and Jimmy Eppard, guitar. Little Elliott Lloyd & The Big Deal Blues Band "Live at the Derby", June 17, 1979 is the only know recording. Trivia: * Little Elliot Lloyd and The Big Deal Blues Band was a regularly featured band at many of the clubs located on Main Street in New Paltz, NY. and was also an opening act for Buddy Guy and James Cotton. * Little Elliott Lloyd was featured in the Hohner Harmonica Calendar 1984 and has shared the stage with Johnny Winter. Quotes: "You want to see a picture of me and B.B. King?" - Little Elliott Lloyd " Furthermore..." - guess who?

How do you start off to make your band big?

Out of order: 1. TALENT 2. Cool logo 3. Cool band name 4. Having connections such as knowing someone who records and publishes songs 5. Display your band ex: YouTube, many band pics 6. Be young and look hot!!

Who devoloped the big band theory?

Jesuit priest Georges LeMaitre was the first to propose that weexist in an expanding universe, and that observable evidence existsto support this idea.

What instruments are found in a big jazz band?

The classic "big band" swing group would have a choir each of trumpets, trombones and saxophones, with piano, drums, upright bass and guitar. Flute and clarinet made occasional appearances, almost always by one of the other players who "doubled" on that instrument. Most big bands also had one or two featured singers,who sang on anything from a few to most of the bands numbers, depending on the band.

Is a clarinet used in big band jazz?

Yes. Possible purposes:. - playing lead over four saxes (famous Glenn Miller Sound) - playing the third and fourth voice in a 'doubling' reed section, this typically being flute 1 - flute 2 - clarinet 3 - clarinet 4 - bass clarinet 5 instead of five saxophones - improvising over the ensemble on 'hot' last choruses, especially if they are of the 'shout' or 'riff'-type - in tutti: playing a 3rd above the 1st trumpet, the sound gets a 'dixie' flavour. - lowest voice in trio voicings (Ellington, Mood Indigo: muted trumpet 1st voice - muted trombone 2nd voice - low (bass)clarinet 3rd voice.

Do the band of the big bang play poker?

Well I have heard that some of the guys on Big Bang do play poker. I have myself heard Jim Parsons admit in at interview that he loves playing poker in his free time.

Who is elder in Big Time Rush band?

Carlos and Logan are the same age but Carlos is older than Logan by 30 days,therefore Carlos is the oldest :) Carlos Pena-21-------August--15--1989 Logan Henderson-21------- September--14--1989 James Maslow-------July--16--1990 Kendall Schmidt-------November--2--1990

Big Band is a type of what music?

Big Band, or big band music ensemble, is a type of music popularized in the 1920s. It was initially considered a subtype of jazz, although by the 1930's it was also considered a type of swing music.

What type of band is Big Tree?

Big Tree band is an indie, pop and psychedelia band, with 5 members, who have its origins out of Berkeley, in California. It is a californian folk pop band with hypnotic melodies.

What is meant by the big band theory?

the big band theory is a theory which explains the evolvement ofthe universe which was hot and very dense at 1300 to 1500 MILLIONYEARS AGO ......TSHWANE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY STUDENT